Maximum Entropy Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Model
Sung Y. Park, Anil K. Bera
Journal of Econometrics 150(2009) 219–230
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In many applications, it has been found that the autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH) model under the conditional normal or Student’s t distributions are not general enough to account for the excess kurtosis in the data. Moreover, asymmetry in the financial data is rarely modeled in a systematic way. In this paper, we suggest a general density function based on the maximum entropy (ME) approach that takes account of asymmetry, excess kurtosis and also of high peakedness. The ME principle is based on the efficient use of available information, and as is well known, many of the standard family of distributions can be derived from the ME approach. We demonstrate how we can extract information functional from the data in the form of moment functions. We also propose a test procedure for selecting appropriate moment functions. Our procedure is illustrated with an application to the NYSE stock returns. The empirical results reveal that the ME approach with a fewer moment functions leads to a model that captures the stylized facts quite effectively.
Keywords: Maximum entropy density; ARCH models; Excess kurtosis; Asymmetry; Peakedness of distribution; Stock returns data